Scientific and scholarly articles about UFOs

Scientific and scholarly articles about UFOs


The ufological world was all agog recently when it was announced that an article about UFOs was being published in a peer-reviewed academic journal.

Amazing! Remarkable! Notable! Unprecedented!

Uh – no.

Despite what you may have heard from skeptics and believers alike, science has taken the subject of UFOs seriously on many, many occasions. Dozens of scholarly and academic articles have appeared in peer-reviewed journals all along, with apparently little notice or interest.

Admittedly, many of these articles looked at ufology in a less than positive light, but a considerable number regarded the subject quite seriously and as a topic of scientific curiosity, if not interest and with relevance to many scientific realms.

I started working on a list of academic articles about UFOs some time ago, and I dusted it off (virtually) when the interest in the recent scientific article manifested.

A number of people have created lists of these articles over the years, including most notably Barry Greenwood’s “Union Catalog” of UFO articles. Isaac Koi has a very good list of academic journal articles, and I have added to my own list from his excellent resource.

The following is my list, which is as complete as I could get at this time. I have provided links to online versions of the articles whenever possible, although some links will require institutional memberships to view the articles in full. 

The list is for articles about UFOs, but you will note that I have included some articles on UFO-ish phenomena as well, with discretion.

Also, the list does not include book reviews, editorial comments, news briefs and incidental notes, although I allowed a few in the list for their significance. So, while references to things in major journals such as Nature and Science could have been included dozens and dozens of times, these were not really “peer-reviewed academic or scholarly articles.”

Oh, and I did not include articles from the Journal of Scientific Exploration nor the Journal of UFO Studies. While certainly peer-reviewed, these journals are not in the scientific mainstream community, and I wanted to create a list that showed that scientists outside of the ufology community have published such articles.

I used APA style, with a slight modification here and there for consistency. (I know there are many punctuation typos, so I’m working on that.) I also need to italicize the journal titles.

And yes, I am sure I missed some. This page will be updated as more articles are brought to my attention, and as future articles are published. (Which they certainly will be.)

Many thanks to Isaac for his work and assistance in this effort.



Appelle, S. (1971). On a behavioral
explanation of UFO sightings. Perceptual and motor skills, 32(3), 994.


Ashworth, C. E. (1980).
Flying saucers, spoon-bending and Atlantis: A structural analysis of new
mythologies. The Sociological Review, 28(2), 353-376.


Bader, C. D. (1995). The
UFO contact movement from the 1950s to the present. Studies in Popular Culture,
17(2), 73-90.


Bader, C. D. (2003). Supernatural
support groups: Who are the UFO abductees and ritual-abuse survivors? Journal
for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(4), 669–678.


Balch, Robert W. and Taylor,
David. (1977). Seekers and saucers: The role of the cultic milieu in joining a UFO
cult. American Behavioral Scientist, 20(6), pp. 839–860.


Banaji, M. R., and
Kihlstrom, J. F. (1996). The ordinary nature of alien abduction memories.
Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 132-135.


Bartholomew, R. E. (1991).
The quest for transcendence: An ethnography of UFOs in America. Anthropology of
Consciousness, 2(1‐2), 1-12.


Biasco, F., and Nunn, K.
(2000). College students’ attitudes toward UFOs. College Student Journal,
34(1), 96-100.


Bisson C, and Persinger M.A.
(1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXV. Possible increased incidence
of brain tumors following an episode of luminous phenomena. Perceptual and
Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1088-1090.


Bowers, K. S., and
Eastwood, J. D. (1996). On the edge of science: Coping with UFOlogy
scientifically. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 136-140.


Bridgstock, M. (1982). A
sociological approach to fraud in science. The Australian and New Zealand
Journal of Sociology, 18(3), 364-383.


Bullard, T. E. (1989). UFO
abduction reports: the supernatural kidnap narrative returns in technological
guise. Journal of American Folklore, 147-170.


Callahan, P. S., &
Mankin, R. W. (1978). Insects as unidentified flying objects. Applied optics,
17(21), 3355-3360.


Chequers, J., Joseph, S.,
and Diduca, D. (1997). Belief in extraterrestrial life, UFO-related beliefs,
and schizotypal personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 23(3),


Clamar, A. (1988). Is it
time for psychology to take UFOs seriously? Psychotherapy in Private Practice,
6(3), 143-149.


Clamar, A. (1988). Symposium:
The UFO experience: What psychotherapy tells us. Introduction, in: Psychotherapy
in Private Practice, 6:3, 141-142


Clancy, S. A., et. al. (2002).
Memory distortion in people reporting abduction by aliens. Journal of Abnormal
Psychology, 111(3), 455.


Clark, S. E., and Loftus,
E. F. (1996). The construction of space alien abduction memories. Psychological
Inquiry, 7(2), 140-143.


Cole, G. H. A. (1996).
Thoughts on extraterrestrials prompted by two contributions in a recent issue
of Quarterly Journal. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 37,


Condon, E. U. (1969). UFOs
I have loved and lost. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 25(10), 6-8.


Cook, C. M., and
Persinger, M. A. (2001). Geophysical variables and behavior: XCII. Experimental
elicitation of the experience of a sentient being by right hemispheric, weak
magnetic fields: interaction with temporal lobe sensitivity. Perceptual and
Motor Skills, 92(2), 447-448.


Cross, A. (2004). The
flexibility of scientific rhetoric: A case study of UFO researchers.
Qualitative Sociology, 27(1), 3-34.


Crowe, R. A., and Miura,
C. K. (1995). Challenging pseudoscientific beliefs: Surveying evidence for
exotic claims. Psychological reports, 77(3_suppl), 1263-1282.


Crumbaugh, J. C. (1959).
ESP and flying saucers: A challenge to parapsychologists. American
Psychologist, 14(9), 604–606.


Curtis, E. (2016). Science
and technology in Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam 
astrophysical disaster,
genetic engineering, UFOs, white apocalypse, and black resurrection. Nova Religio:
The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, 20(1), 5–31.


Davis, Lorraine. (1988). A
Comparison of UFO and Near-Death Experiences as Vehicles for the Evolution of
Human Consciousness. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 6(4), 240-257.


Derr J.S, and Persinger M.A.
(1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXVI. Seasonal hydrological load
and regional luminous phenomena (UFO reports) within river systems, the
Mississippi Valley test. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1163-1170.


Devereux, P., McCartney,
P. and Robins, D. (1983). Bringing UFOs down to earth. New Scientist, (1
September), 627-630.


Dewan, W. J. (2006).
” A saucerful of secrets”: an interdisciplinary analysis of UFO
experiences. Journal of American Folklore, 184-202.


Dodd, A. (2018). Strategic
ignorance and the search for extraterrestrial 
intelligence: Critiquing
the discursive segregation of UFOs from scientific inquiry. Astropolitics, 16(1),


Eghigian, G. (2014). ‘A
transatlantic buzz’: flying saucers, extraterrestrials and America in postwar
Germany. Journal of transatlantic studies, 12(3), 282-303.


Eghigian, G. (2014). The
psychiatrist, the aliens, and” going native”. Psychiatric Times,
31(11), 10-10.


Eghigian, G. (2015). Making
UFOs make sense: Ufology, science, and the history of their mutual mistrust. Public
understanding of science, [2017], 26(5), 612–626.


Escola-Gascon, Alex, O’Neill,
Mary, and Gallifa, Josep. (2021). Beliefs and opinions about the existence of
life outside the earth: The UFO Experiences Questionnaire (UFO-Q). Social
Sciences & Humanities Open, 3(1), 100124.


Espírito Santo, D., and
Vergara, A. (2020). The possible and the impossible: reflections on evidence in
Chilean ufology. Antípoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología, (41),


Forrest, D. V. (2008).
Alien abduction: A medical hypothesis. Journal of the American Academy of
Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 36(3), 431-442.


Fournier, N. M., and
Persinger, M. A. (2004). Geophysical variables and behavior: C. Increased
geomagnetic activity on days of commercial air crashes attributed to computer
or pilot error but not mechanical failure. Perceptual and motor skills,
98(3_suppl), 1219-1224.


Freitas Jr, R. A., &
Valdes, F. (1980). A search for natural or artificial objects located at the
Earth-Moon libration points. Icarus, 42(3), 442-447.


Fuller, B.A.G. (1952).
Flying saucers. The Journal of Philosophy. 49(17), Aug. 14, 1952, 545-559.


Gamboa, M. (2021).
Spiritual pilgrimages and UFO tourism in Uruguay: the case of La Aurora’s
cattle ranch. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 8(2), 162-178.


Geppert, A. (2012).
Extraterrestrial encounters: UFOs, science and 
the quest for
transcendence, 1947–1972. History and Technology: An International Journal, 28(3),


Ghidina, M. J. (2019).
Finding God in grain: Crop circles, rationality, and the construction of
spiritual experience. Symbolic Interaction, 42(2), 278-300.


Grassi, F., Cocheo, C.,
and Russo, P. (2005). Balls of light: The questionable science of crop circles.
Journal of Scientific Exploration, 19(2), 159-170.


Gray, R. H. (2015). The
Fermi paradox is neither Fermi’s nor a paradox. Astrobiology, 15(3), 195-199.


Greenwood, B., and
Davidson-Arnott, R. G. (2020). Tidal monitoring of a barrier breach: The mysterious
case of the unidentified flying object (UFO). Journal of Coastal Research,
101(sp1), 56-61.


Haines, G.K. (1999). CIA’s
role in the study of UFOs, 1947–90: A die‐hard issue. Intelligence and National
Security, 14(2), 26-48.


Hall, R. L. (1996).
Escaping the self or escaping the anomaly? Psychological inquiry, 7(2),


Haselhoff, E. H. (2001).
Opinions and comments on Levengood WC, Talbott NP (1999). Dispersion of
energies in worldwide crop formations. Physiologia plantarum, 111, 123–125.


Hauge, B, (2010).
Investigation and analysis of transient luminous phenomena in the low
atmosphere of Hessdalen valley, Norway. Acta Astronautica, 67(11–12), 1443-1450.


Hayes, M., and Morritt, N.
(2020). Michael W. Burke-Gaffney and the UFO debate in Atlantic Canada,
1947-1969. Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science,
Technology and Medicine/Scientia Canadensis: revue canadienne d’histoire des
sciences, des techniques et de la médecine, 42(1), 54-74.


Hedervari, P. (1982). Luminous
phenomena and other particular events before, during and after earthquakes in
the Carpathian Basin. EOS, 63(51), 1258.


Holden, K. J., and French,
C. C. (2002). Alien abduction experiences: Some clues from neuropsychology and
neuropsychiatry. Cognitive neuropsychiatry, 7(3), 163-178.


Horstemeier, R. (2006).
Flying saucers are real! The US Navy, unidentified flying objects, and the
national security state. Socialism and Democracy, 20(3), 187-216.


Houran, J. (1997).
Tolerance of ambiguity and the perception of UFOs. Perceptual and motor skills,
85(3), 973-974.


Hughes, F. (1967). A
trained eye on UFO’s. Science, 156(3780), 1311-1312.


Hull, J. G. (1996). When
explanations fail: Science and pseudoscience in psychology. Psychological
Inquiry, 7(2), 149-151.


Hunter, J. (2021). Deep weird:
High strangeness, boggle thresholds and damned data in academic research on
extraordinary experience. Journal for the Study of Religious Experience, 7(1),


Hutchison, P. and Strentz,
H. (2019). Journalism versus the flying 
saucers: Assessing the
first generation of UFO reportage, 1947–1967. American Journalism, 36(2),


Hynek, J.A. (1981). The
UFO phenomenon: Laugh, laugh, study, study. Technology Review, July 1981, pp.


Jellinek, M., Fisman, S.
and Fisman, R. (1999). Cultural influences on symptom presentation in childhood.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38 (6), 782-783.


Johnson, D. M. (1945).
The” phantom anesthetist” of Mattoon: A field study of mass hysteria.
The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 40(2), 175.

Johnson, H. and R. Holle.
(1969). Observations and comments on two simultaneous cloud holes over Miami.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 50, 157-161.


Jones, RV. (1968). The
natural philosophy of flying saucers. Physics Bulletin, 19(7), 225


Karbovnik, D. (2020). Conspiracy
theories and UFOs. Diogenes, 62(3), 1-9.


Keel, J. A. (1975). The
flying saucer subculture. Journal of Popular Culture, 8(4), 871.


King, L. A., et al. (2007).
Ghosts, UFOs, and magic: Positive affect and the experiential system. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 905–919.


Krasnoholovets, V., and
Gandzha, I. (2012). A sub microscopic description of the formation of crop
circles. Chaotic modeling and simulation, 2, 323-335.


Kuiper, T. B. H. (1979).
On scientific reasoning. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society,
20, 477.


Lamberg, L. (1997). Belief
in alien UFOs deep in American psyche. Journal of the American Medical
Association, 278(3), 193.


Lamberg, L. (1997). Psychiatrist
Explores Apocalyptic Violence in Heaven’s Gate and Aum Shinrikyo Cults. JAMA, 278(3):191–193.


Lehn, W. (1980). On the
sighting of distant unidentified objects. Journal of Atmospheric and
Terrestrial Physics, 42 (5), 471-473, 475


Levengood, W.C. (1994). Anatomical
anomalies in crop formation plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 92(2), 356-363.


Levengood, W. C. and
Talbott, N. P. (1999). Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations.
Physiologia Plantarum, 105, 615–624.


Littig, L. W. (1971).
Affiliation motivation and belief in extraterrestrial UFOs. The Journal of
Social Psychology, 83(2), 307-308.


Little, G. L. (1984).
Educational level and primary beliefs about unidentified flying objects held by
recognized ufologists. Psychological reports, 54(3), 907-910.


Little, Gregory. L.
(1987). Geophysical variables and behavior: XLV. Review of criticisms of
tectonic strain hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65(1), 203-206.


Lynn, S. J., and Kirsch, I.
I. (1996). Alleged alien abductions: False memories, hypnosis, and fantasy
proneness. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 151-155.


Maccabee, B. S. (1979).
Photometric properties of an unidentified bright object seen off the coast of
New Zealand. Applied Optics, 18(15), 2527-2528.


Margolis, H. (1967). The
UFO phenomenon. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 23(6), 40-42.


Markowitz, W. (1967). The
physics and metaphysics of unidentified flying objects: Reported UFO’s cannot
be under extraterrestrial control if the laws of physics are valid. Science, 157(3794),


Marsching, J. D. (2003). Orbs,
blobs, and glows: Astronauts, UFOs, and photography. Art Journal, 62(3), 56-65.


McLeod, C. C., Corbisier,
B., and Mack, J. E. (1996). A more parsimonious explanation for UFO abduction.
Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 156-168.


McNally, Richard J. (2012).
Explaining “memories” of space alien abduction and past lives: An experimental
psychopathology approach. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(1): 2-16.


Meerloo, J. (1968).
The flying saucer syndrome and the need for
miracles. Journal of the American Medical Association, 203(12), 1074.


Mencken, F. C., Bader, C.
D., & Kim, Y. J. (2009). Round trip to hell in a flying saucer: The relationship
between conventional Christian and paranormal beliefs in the United States. Sociology
of Religion, 70(1), 65–85.


Miller, J. (1953). On flying
saucers and other “unusual” aerial objects. School science and mathematics, 53(9),


Millman, P. M. (1975).
Seven maxims of UFO: A scientific approach. Journal of the Royal Astronomical
Society of Canada, 69, 175.


Musgrave, J. B., and
Houran, J. (2000). Flight and abduction in witchcraft and UFO lore.
Psychological reports, 86(2), 669-688.


Neagoe, A. D. (2000).
Abducted by aliens: a case study. Psychiatry, 63(2), 202-207.


Newman, L. (1997). Intergalactic
hostages: People who report abduction by UFOs. Journal of Social and Clinical
Psychology, 16(2), 151–177.


Newman, L. S., and
Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Not just another false memory: Further thoughts on
the UFO abduction phenomenon. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 185-197.


Newman, L. S., and
Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Toward an explanation of the UFO abduction
phenomenon: Hypnotic elaboration, extraterrestrial sadomasochism, and spurious
memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 99-126.


Nolan, G.P., Vallee, J.F.,
Jiang, S., and Lemke, L.G. (2022). Improved instrumental techniques, including
isotopic analysis, applicable to the characterization of unusual materials with
potential relevance to aerospace forensics. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 128.


Norman, M. (2017). How UFOs
conquered the world: The history of a 
modern myth. Folklore, 128(1),


Otgaar, H., et al. (2009).
Abducted by a UFO: Prevalence information affects 
young children’s false
memories for an implausible event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 115–125.


Otis, L. (1979). Selective
exposure to the film Close Encounters.
The Journal of Psychology, 101(2), 293-295.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C.
(2010). A hypothetical dusty plasma mechanism of Hessdalen lights. Journal of
Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72, no. 16, 1200-1203.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C.
(2012). Cluster formation in Hessdalen lights. Journal of Atmospheric and
Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 80, 336-229.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C.
(2022). A mechanism to explain the spectrum of Hessdalen Lights phenomenon. Meteorology
and Atmospheric Physics, 117, 1–4.


Parnell, J. (1988).
Measured personality characteristics of persons who claim UFO experiences.
Psychotherapy in private practice, 6(3), 159-165.


Partridge, C. (2004). Alien
demonology: the Christian roots of the malevolent 
extraterrestrial in UFO
religions and abduction spiritualities. Religion, 34, 163-189.


Patry, A. L., and
Pelletier, L. G. (2001). Extraterrestrial beliefs and experiences: An
application of the theory of reasoned action. The journal of social psychology,
141(2), 199-217.


Persinger M. and Derr, J.
(2013). Luminous shapes with unusual motions as potential predictors of
earthquakes: A historical summary of the validity and application of the
tectonic strain theory. International Journal of Geosciences, 4(2), 387-396.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S.
(1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXIII. Relations between UFO
Reports within the Uinta Basin and Local Seismicity. Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 60(1):59-77.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S.
(1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXII. Evaluations of UFO reports
in an area of infrequent seismicity: The Carman, Manitoba episode. Perceptual
and Motor Skills, 61(3):807-813.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S.
(1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXI. UFO reports in Carman,
Manitoba, and the 1975 Minnesota quake: Evidence of triggering by increased
volume of the Red River. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):531-536.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S.
(1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXII. temporal coupling of UFO
reports and seismic energy release within the Rio Grande rift system: Discriminative
validity of the tectonic strain theory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):52-53.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S.
(1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXIV. Man-made fluid injections
into the crust and reports of luminous phenomena (UFO reports)—Is the strain
field an aseismically propagating hydrological pulse? Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1059-1065.


Persinger, M.A. (1984). Prediction
of historical and contemporary luminosity (UFO) reports by seismic variables
within Western Europe. Experientia, 40, 676–681.


Persinger M.A. (1981).Geophysical
variables and behavior: III. Prediction of UFO reports by geomagnetic and
seismic activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 53(1):115-122.


Persinger M.A. (1983).
Geophysical variables and behavior: IX. Expected clinical consequences of close
proximity to UFO-related luminosities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(1):259-265.


Persinger M.A. (1983).
Geophysical variables and behavior: VII. Prediction of recent European UFO
report years by nineteenth century luminosity and solar-seismic measures. Perceptual
and Motor Skills, 56(1):91-95.


Persinger M.A. (1983).
Geophysical variables and human behavior: VIII. Specific prediction of UFO
reports within the New Madrid states by solar-geomagnetic and seismic measures.
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(1):243-249.


Persinger M.A. (1983).
Geophysical variables and human behavior: XV. Tectonic strain luminosities (UFO
reports) as predictable but hidden events within pre-1947 Central U.S.A.
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57(3_suppl):1227-1234.


Persinger M.A. (1984).
Geophysical variables and human behavior: XVIII. Expected perceptual
characteristics and local distributions of close UFO reports. Perceptual and
Motor Skills, 58(3):951-959.


Persinger M.A. (1985). Geophysical
variables and behavior: XXI. Geomagnetic variation as possible enhancement
stimuli for UFO reports preceding earthtremors. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):37-38.


Persinger M.A. (1985).
Geophysical variables and behavior: XXII. The tectonogenic strain continuum of
unusual events. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):59-65.


Persinger M.A. (1988).
Geophysical variables and behavior: LIII. Epidemiological considerations for
incidence of cancer and depression in areas of frequent UFO reports. Perceptual
and Motor Skills, 67(3):799-803.


Persinger M.A. (1993). Paranormal
and religious beliefs may be mediated differentially by subcortical and cortical
phenomenological processes of the temporal (limbic) lobes. Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 76(1), 247-251.


Persinger, M. (1976). Transient
geophysical bases for ostensible UFO-related phenomena and associated verbal
behavior? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 43(1), 215.


Persinger, M. (1982). Geophysical
variables and behavior: IV. UFO reports and Fortean phenomena: Temporal correlations
in the central USA. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 54(1), 299-302.


Persinger, M. A. (1980).
Earthquake activity and antecedent UFO report numbers. Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 50(3, Pt 1), 791–797.


Persinger, M. A. (2001).
Geophysical variables and behavior: XC. What people consider strange: change in
proportions of reports of Fortean phenomena over time. Psychological reports,
88(1), 89-90.


Persinger, M. A. (2001).
The neuropsychiatry of paranormal experiences. The Journal of neuropsychiatry
and clinical neurosciences, 13(4), 515-524.


Persinger, M. A., and
Derr, J. S. (1984). Geophysical variables and human behavior: XIX. Strong
temporal relationships between inclusive seismic measures and UFO reports
within Washington state. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59(2), 551-566.           


Persinger, M.A. (1985).
Geophysical variables and behavior: XXVI. A response to Rutkowski’s critique of
the tectonic strain hypothesis for UFO phenomena. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(2),


Persinger. M.A. (1983). Religious
and mystical experiences as artifacts of temporal lobe function: a general
hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57, 1255-1262.


Petrescu, R. et al.
(2017). What is a UFO? Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology, 1(2),


Pierre, L. S., and
Persinger, M. A. (2006). Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is
predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by
suggestibility: re-analyses of 19 experiments. International Journal of
Neuroscience, 116(19), 1079-1096.


Platov, Y. V., and
Sokolov, B. A. (2000). The study of Unidentified Flying Objects in the Soviet
Union. Herald-Russian Academy of Sciences / Vestnik-Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk,
70(3), 244-251.


Post, M. (1980). UFOs.
Christianity and literature. 29(4), 2.


Powers, W. (1967).  Analysis of UFO reports. Science, 156 (3771),


Raduga, M., Shashkov, A.,
and Zhunusova, Z. (2021). Emulating alien and UFO encounters in REM sleep.
International Journal of Dream Research, 247-256.


Ramet, S. (1998). UFOs
over Russia and Eastern Europe. Journal of popular culture, 32(3), 81-99.


Ross, M., and Newby, I. R.
(1996). Distinguishing memory from fantasy. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2),


Rothstein, M. (1997). The
family, Ufos and god: A modern extension of Christian mythology. Journal of
Contemporary Religion, 12(3), 353-362.


Rutkowski C.A. (1984).
Geophysical variables and human behavior: XVI. Some criticisms. Perceptual and
Motor Skills, 58(3):840-842.


Rutkowski, C. (1981). What
is happening on the moon? Lunar Transient Phenomena. Journal of the Royal
Astronomical Society of Canada, 75, 237-241.


Rutkowski, C. A., &
Del Bigio, M. R. (1989). UFOs and cancer? CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association
Journal, 140(11), 1258.


Rutkowski, Chris A.
(1986). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXIV. Further comments. Perceptual
and Motor Skills, 63(1), 18.


Saethre, E. (2007). Close
encounters: UFO beliefs in a remote Australian 
Aboriginal community. Journal
of the Royal Anthropological Institute, (N.S.) 13, 901-915.


Saethre, E. (2007). UFOs, otherness,
and belonging: Identity in remote 
Aboriginal Australia. Social
Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 13(2), 217-233.


Sagan, C. (1963). Direct
contact among galactic civilizations by relativistic interstellar spaceflight.
Planetary and Space Science, 11(5), 485-498.


Salisbury, F. (1967). The
scientist and the UFO. BioScience, 17(1), January 1967, 15–24.


Sanarov, V. (1981). On the
nature and origin of flying saucers and little green men. Current anthropology,
22(2), 163–167.


Sandels, R. (1986). UFOs,
science fiction and the postwar utopia. Journal of Popular Culture, 20 (1), 141-151.


Saunders D.R, and Van
Arsdale P. Ii. Points of view about UFOs: A multidimensional scaling study.
Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1968;27(3_suppl):1219-1238


Saunders D.R. I. Factor analysis
of UFO-related attitudes. Perceptual and Motor Skills.


Schwarz, B. (1976). UFO
contactee Stella Lansing: possible medical implications of her motion picture
experiments. The Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and
Medicine, 23(2), 60-8.


Schwarz, B. (1979). A UFO
motion picture experiment (at Betty Hill’s “landing field”). The
Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine, 26(2),


Scott, I. (1987). Survey
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